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Mi manual del bebé es una publicación creada por un destacado equipo de especialistas de la salud. Esta guía te acompañará desde la preconcepción hasta que el niño tenga 36 meses de edad. Contesta las preguntas más frecuentes hechas a los especialistas, que se pueden manejar desde el hogar. Claro que debemos recordar, que no es un substituto de la consulta médica, ya que nada ni nadie puede reemplazar los sabios consejos del especialista. Pero, sí es un complemento practico, que te acompañara en la aventura más maravillosa de tu vida ´Ser padre´.
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Pneumonia is a lung infection, usually caused by bacteria or viruses. Every 20 seconds, somewhere in the world, a child dies from pneumonia. Many of these deaths can be prevented through vaccination and appropriate treatment.
What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can cause mild or severe illness in people of all ages. Symptoms of pneumonia include: cough, fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, rapid breathing or shortness of breath, chills or chest pain. Some people are more likely to get pneumonia. This includes adults 65 years of age or older and children under 5, especially children under 1 year of age.
Children or anyone with an underlying condition (such as diabetes or HIV / AIDS, or asthma) are at increased risk for pneumonia.
Causes of pneumonia
When a bacterium, viruses that are lodged in your nose, mouth, nasal sinuses or in the environment are spread to the lungs, pneumonia or other infections can be contracted.
The contagion can be with the bacteria or the virus of infected people; Whether they are ill or not.
Make sure your child has a complete immunization record from your pediatrician and encourages friends and loved ones with certain conditions, such as diabetes or asthma, to get a flu shot and bacterial pneumonia.
Types of pneumonia
You may have heard about community-acquired pneumonia (NAC). When a person who has not recently been in a hospital or other health care facility develops pneumonia, it is called contracted pneumonia in the community.
There is talk of health care-associated pneumonia when someone is infected during or after a stay in a health care facility (such as a hospital, long-term care facility, or dialysis center). These infections are called pneumonia associated with health care, including: associated pneumonia in health services, hospital-acquired pneumonia, or ventilator-associated pneumonia.
In our country and in many other areas of the world, the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and the most common viral causes are influenza (influenza), parainfluenza and respiratory syncytial virus.
In children younger than 1 year, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and viral pneumonia.
Other common causes of bacterial or viral pneumonia include Staphylococcus aureus and adenovirus. Pneumocystis jirovecii, a fungus is a common cause of pneumonia in AIDS patients.
Do you have to do studies to get to the diagnosis?
What treatment should be received?
When are the pneumonias entered?
Are there children at greater risk?
Pneumonia can be prevented with vaccines. Adopting good hygiene practices can also prevent respiratory infections. This includes: Handwashing frequently, cleaning frequently touched hard surfaces (eg doorknobs) and coughing or sneezing by covering your mouth with a tissue, elbow or a sleeve. In addition, it can reduce the risk of getting pneumonia by limiting exposure to cigarette smoke and by treating and preventing diseases such as diabetes and HIV / AIDS.
* Taken from the Argentine Society of Pediatrics.
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